The 1900 Buganda Agreement Was A Turning Point In The History Of Buganda Kingdom. Discuss

The Uganda Agreement of March 1900 (alternatively the Mengo Treaty) formalized relations between the Kingdom of Uganda and the British protectorate of Uganda. [1] It was amended by the Buganda Convention of 1955 and the Buganda Convention of 1961. Unlike the treaties of 1893 and 1894, the Ugandan Convention of 1900 included clear borders of the Kingdom of Uganda, a land ownership system and a tax policy. [3] This responsibility rests with Sir Henry Hamilton Johnston, who arrived in Uganda in 1899 and assumed the role of Consul General on the Ugandan protectorate. Johnston`s main task would be to ensure the signing of the so-called Ugandan (B) agreement of 1900. The agreement had three important clauses (as well as many other implied). The agreement stipulated that Kabaka should exercise direct control over the indigenous people of Buganda, who administer justice by Lukiiko and its officials. [6] He also consolidated the power of Bakungu`s majority-Protestant client leaders, led by Kagwa. The British sent few civil servants to run the country and relied mainly on the Bakungu chiefs. For decades, they have been privileged because of their political abilities, their Christianity, their friendly relations with the British, their ability to collect taxes and Entebbe`s proximity to Uganda`s capital. In the 1920s, British administrators were more confident and needed less military or administrative support. [4] While Mwanga, as Kabaka, had mobilized more than 2,000 rifles less than five years earlier in his revolt, his son and successors had only a tenth – and were asking the British for licences.

Second, the agreement attempted to outline a legal framework that defined the role of Lukiiko, who would effectively share power with Kabaka. Again, the British gave with one hand and took the other with them; While Kabaka had the power to appoint celebrities who sit on the Council with district chiefs, it could not dismiss them without the agreement of colonial officials. The Kabaka turbulence of 1953 was another factor responsible for the political change in Buganda. Kabaka`s problems were attributed to disagreements between Sir Andrew Cohen and Kabaka Muteesa ll and led to Kabaka`s exile in the United Kingdom because it was unable to verify the terms of the Buganda Treaty of 1900. The crisis gave Lukiiko absolute authority to propose who the Kabaka ministers would be, which is why Kabaka should be responsible to Lukiiko and not to the British federal government, as it did under the Buganda Treaty. Kabaka under the Buganda agreement was deprived of its right to appoint Lukiiko customers. However, due to the Kabaka turbulence, he was granted the right to appoint his officers, and Kabaka became a constitutional monarch when his position was redefined. Many results were derived from the signing of the Buganda Treaty of 1900. Among the remarkable effects of the Buganda agreement was the removal of the final functions of Kabakaship. Kabaka was deprived of its privileges for the adoption of regulations, and lost its authority and said about the land of Buganda, which created the average human land system. Buganda also had to see how the existing political company was remixed.

The dominant leaders were placed under a representative of the colonial government known as the Western District Officer to which they were subjected. The best bosses, who were not used to being bought, were changed with their miners, the original chefs who bought contracts were part of their daily lives. It might be easy to manipulate the leaders of the British Isles, puppets, who have now learned to receive requests from the British Isles and not from their fellow Africans.